BEIJING - The United States government did not aim to force the sale of TikTok but rather wanted to ban it, the owner of the short video sharing app has said.
In a second letter to employees in as many days, ByteDance founder Zhang Yiming said the company is prepared for further difficulties ahead as he personally came under attack from Chinese nationalists who have accused him of being a traitor.
"The focus of the problem is not that CFIUS (Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States) forced the sale... the real purpose (of the Trump Administration) was for a comprehensive ban and more," Mr Zhang wrote in a letter addressed to the Chinese staff of ByteDance.
The company has gone to great lengths to separate TikTok's international operations from the Chinese part of the firm, which runs Douyin and Jinri Toutiao, a news aggregator that doubles as a social networking site.
In the letter, Mr Zhang referred to the personal attacks he has received on Weibo for appearing to bow to American pressure, including digging up old posts where he spoke highly of the US system, leading him to delete all his social media posts.
"I actually understand that people have high expectations for a Chinese company going global," he wrote. "Furthermore, people have a lot of grievances now of the US government, so it is easy to criticise us very fiercely."
But offline, Beijing has leapt to TikTok's defence, accusing the US of "outright bullying", saying their actions are tantamount to theft.
"(The forced sale) goes against the principles of the market economy and the (World Trade Organisation's) principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination," said Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin.
"The US, without providing any evidence, has been using an abused concept of national security... unjustifiably suppressing certain non-US companies," he said.
The national security grounds for the US clampdown on Chinese firms "do not hold water", and Chinese companies conduct business activities in accordance with international rules and US laws, he added.
"But the US is cracking down on them on trumped-up charges. This is all political manipulation," said Mr Wang, warning Washington not to "open Pandora's box".
"As TikTok's experience shows, no matter how unfounded the claims against them are, as long as they remain Chinese companies, they will be presented as being a "Red threat" by the administration," the official China Daily wrote in an editorial, calling the move a "smash and grab" by a bullying administration.